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2: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms and Urinary Incontinence- An Overview

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    • 2.1: Definitions of Symptoms
      In general, lower urinary tract symptoms cannot be used to make a definitive diagnosis. However LUTS can also indicate pathologies other than lower urinary tract dysfunction, such as urinary infection. The clinician will make his/her best efforts to exclude other causes of LUTS. Lower urinary tract symptoms are categorized as storage, voiding and post micturition symptoms.
    • 2.2: Special Investigation
    • 2.3: Urodynamic Investigations
      Urodynamic tests have been developed to confirm the underlying diagnosis in a patient complaining of symptoms of urinary incontinence. These tests identify the etiology of the problem and elucidate its pathophysiological mechanism. Their use is sometimes debatable, since grade A evidence supporting the general use of urodynamics in the investigation of incontinence, is not available.

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