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Medicine LibreTexts

4.1: Objectives

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  • After completing this section, you should know:

    • the “Mrs Gren” characteristics of living organisms
    • what a tissue is
    • four basic types of tissues, their general function and where they are found in the body
    • the basic organisation of the body of vertebrates including the main body cavities and the location of the following major organs: thorax, heart, lungs, thymus, abdomen, liver, stomach, spleen, intestines, kidneys, sperm ducts, ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina, urinary bladder
    • the 11 body systems
    • what homeostasis is
    • directional terms including dorsal, ventral, caudal, cranial, medial, lateral, proximal, distal, rostral, palmar and plantar. Plus transverse and longitudinal sections


    • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)