Skip to main content
Medicine LibreTexts

11: The Gut and Digestion

  • Page ID
  • Skills to Develop

    After completing this section, you should know:

    • what is meant by the terms: ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation, egestion, peristalsis and chyme
    • the characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of a herbivorous, carnivorous and omnivorous diet
    • the 4 main functions of the gut
    • the parts of the gut in the order in which the food passes down it

    Thumbnail: Illustration of human gastrointestinal tract. Image used with permission (Public Domain; Indolences).


    • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)