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11.11: Stomach

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  • The stomach stores and mixes the food. Glands in the wall secrete gastric juice that contains enzymes to digest protein and fats as well as hydrochloric acid to make the contents very acidic. The walls of the stomach are very muscular and churn and mix the food with the gastric juice to form a watery mixture called chyme (pronounced kime). Rings of muscle called sphincters at the entrance and exit to the stomach control the movement of food into and out of it (see diagram 11.9).

    Anatomy and physiology of animals Stomach.jpg

    Diagram 11.9 - The stomach


    • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)