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Medicine LibreTexts

13: Reproductive System

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  • Learning Objectives

    After completing this section, you should know:

    • the role of mitosis and meiosis in the production of gametes (sperm and ova)
    • that gametes are haploid cells
    • that fertilization forms a diploid zygote
    • the major parts of the male reproductive system and their functions
    • the route sperm travel along the male reproductive tract to reach the penis
    • the structure of a sperm and the difference between sperm and semen
    • the difference between infertility and impotence
    • the main parts of the female reproductive system and their functions
    • the ovarian cycle and the roles of FSH, LH, oestrogen and progesterone
    • the oestrous cycle and the signs of heat in rodents, dogs, cats and cattle
    • the process of fertilization and where it occurs in the female tract
    • what a morula and a blastocyst are
    • what the placenta is and its functions

    Contributors and Attributions

    • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)