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Medicine LibreTexts

16.01: Objectives

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  • After completing this section, you should know:

    • The characteristics of endocrine glands and hormones
    • The position of the main endocrine glands in the body
    • The relationship between the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus
    • The main hormones produced by the two parts of the pituitary gland and their effects on the body
    • The main hormones produced by the pineal, thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands, the pancreas, ovary and testicle in regard to their effects on the body
    • What is meant by homeostasis and feedback control
    • The homeostatic mechanisms that allow an animal to control its body temperature, water balance, blood volume and acid/base balance


    • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)