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Medicine LibreTexts

1.2: Keywords

  • Page ID
    10066
  • Please familiarize yourself with these keywords before you start reading the chapter.

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    Cell membrane
    An asymmetric phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins and carbohydrates.
    Endoplasmic Reticulum
    The organelle that is responsible for the synthesis of proteins (rough ER) or the synthesis of steroid hormones and detoxification
    of certain agents (smooth ER)
    Golgi Apparatus
    The organelle that is responsible for protein packaging and processing.
    Intermediate Filaments
    A broad class of cytoskeletal elements that provide structure and function to a cell.
    Lysosomes
    An organelle that is responsible for degrading material.
    Meiosis
    A specialized process of cell division that results in the formation of cells with half the chromosome number of the original cell.
    Microfilaments
    Thin cytoskeletal elements that are predominantly involved in the movement of cellular elements.
    Microtubules
    The component of the cytoskeleton that is composed of an α and β heterodimer of tubulin.
    Mitochondria
    The primary organelle that produces energy (ATP) for the cell.
    Mitosis
    A component of the cell cycle and cell division that concludes with two separate cells with identical numbers of chromosomes.
    Nucleus
    The two membrane structure that contains and confines the genetic material of a eukaryotic cell.
    Perioxisomes
    An organelle that breaks down H2O2 and excess fatty acids and is involved in cholesterol biosynthesis