Skip to main content
Medicine LibreTexts

15: Nutrition and Physical Activity

  • Page ID
    46335
  • Learning Objectives

    After completing this unit, you should be able to:

    1. Identify the four essential elements of physical fitness and describe each element.
    2. Describe the key guidelines for physical activity for adults.
    3. Identify the specific physical, mental, and emotional benefits of physical activity.
    4. Explain the FITT principle and what the acronym stands for.
    5. Identify the energy systems that provide the body with fuel for physical activity.
    6. Describe how duration and intensity impact the types of fuel used for physical activity.
    7. Understand how nutrient needs differ for athletes, including energy needs, macronutrient needs and micronutrient needs
    8. Describe how hydration status impacts exercise performance
    9. Identify the purpose of sports drinks and their role in combating hyponatremia

    Thumbnail: Photographic reflections of Australian swimmer Daniel Bell in action during Day 03 of the 2000 Sydney Paralympic Games. (CC BY-SA 3.0; Australian Paralympic Committee/Australian Sports Commission).