It’s Your Turn
- List four functions of carbohydrates in the body.
- Count the carbohydrates you consume in a day by following the steps for carbohydrate counting. Is your intake within the recommended range?
- Determine your daily fiber intake and whether your diet supplies the amount of fiber recommended to promote health and prevent disease.
- Conduct a dietary assessment of the GI of foods in three of your dinners. To aid in this process peruse the website, http://www.gilisting.com/. Plan a dinner menu that balances the GI of the entire meal.
Learn more on glycolysis and cellular respiration by watching this video on YouTube, and describe in a short paragraph what happens in the body as it uses the process of glycolysis to fuel short bursts of activity.
Glycolysis Cellular Respiration Overview(click to see video)
- Conduct an experiment in the classroom that evaluates the sweetness and tastefulness of sugar substitutes. Try them in pure form by putting a small amount on your finger. Record the results from you and your classmates and make a sweetness and taste comparison chart.
Expand Your Knowledge
- Design a Thanksgiving feast with at least ten items that help balance the GI of the meal.
- Draw a flow chart that incorporates the concept of negative feedback in the regulation of blood glucose levels.
- Visit the website of the CDC (apps.nccd.cdc.gov/DDTSTRS/default.aspx) and record the estimates of obesity, physical inactivity, and Type 2 diabetes in the county you live in. Make a list of five ways to curb the trends of obesity, physical inactivity, and Type 2 diabetes in your county.