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Medicine LibreTexts

1.9: Urinary System Anatomy

  • Page ID
    36458
  • Learning Objectives

    • Identify urinary system gross anatomical structures.
    • Identify urinary system microscopic structures.

    Gross and Microscopic Anatomy

    Use local resources to view structures of the urinary system.

    Kidney Structures List

    1. Kidney- Frontal view

      1. Renal capsule
      2. Renal cortex
      3. Renal medulla
      4. Renal pelvis
      5. Renal artery
      6. Renal vein
      7. Renal column
      8. Renal pyramid
      9. Renal papilla
      10. Renal calyces
        1. Minor calyx
        2. Major calyx
    2. Kidney- Frontal view- Enlarged
      1. Segmental artery
      2. Interlobar artery
      3. Arcuate artery
      4. Interlobular artery
      5. Interlobular veins
      6. Arcuate veins
      7. Interlobar veins
      8. Segmental vein

    Urinary System Structures List

    1. Urinary System- Full view
      1. Adrenal gland
      2. Kidney
      3. Ureter
      4. Urinary bladder
    2. Urinary System- Kidney
      1. Renal cortex
      2. Renal medulla
      3. Major calyx
      4. Renal pelvis
      5. Renal artery
      6. Renal vein
    3. Urinary System- Bladder
      1. Detrusor muscle
      2. Trigone
      3. Ureteral openings
      4. Urethral opening
      5. Prostate gland
    4. Supplemental Structures
      1. Urethra
        1. Prostatic urethra

    Attributions for chapter 9:

    Kidney Structures List by Marissa Sumida / CC BY 4.0

    Urinary System Structures List by Marissa Sumida / CC BY 4.0

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