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Medicine LibreTexts

11.E: Exercises

  • Page ID
    21564
  • It’s Your Turn

    1. Plan a day’s worth of meals for a pregnant woman that contain the RDA of vitamin C. To help determine the vitamin C content in foods, visit the USDA National Nutrient Database: www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp/search.
    2. Create a brochure or plan a peer-to-peer campaign that encourages pregnant women to breastfeed their newborns and includes the major benefits of this practice.
    3. After watching the video, which recommends snacks for adults and older children, use these ideas and what you have learned to create a list of toddler-friendly healthy snacks for parents. Take into account potential problems for young children, such as foods that are choking hazards.
    4. Visit http://www.choosemyplate.gov/ to research suggestions to help kids eat healthier foods. Create a list of tips for parents.
    5. Visit http://www.webmd.com/diet/food-fitness-planner/default.htm to create a food and fitness plan that fits your current height, weight, and lifestyle.
    6. Create a list of nutritional tips for adults who are caring for their elderly parents after watching the following video: Nutrition for Seniors

    Apply It

    1. Create a chart that compares the energy requirements and fluid recommendations for the following phases: the second trimester of pregnancy, the third trimester of pregnancy, the first six months of lactation, and the second six months of lactation.
    2. Visit a store and study the labels of three different brands of infant formula. Record the nutrition facts for each brand, such as the calories, amount of carbohydrates, amount of protein, and so on.
    3. Research ways to adjust the behavior of picky eaters at this website: http://www.healthychildren.org. Then, create a list of four to five tips for parents of toddlers. Apply Ellyn Satter’s division of responsibility as you create your suggestions.
    4. Visit http://www.health.gov/paguidelines/g...s/default.aspx to study the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Then create a chart that suggests physical activities for teens, young adults, and middle-aged adults, and includes the amount of physical activity recommended for each group per week.
    5. How do the physical changes that a preteen experiences during puberty relate to changing nutrient needs? Hold a small group discussion to talk about puberty and nutrition.
    6. Research ways to help an older adult who suffers from poor intake to get enough nutrients at the following website: http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com/medicalpubs/diseasemanagement/preventive-medicine/aging-preventive-health/. Then create a brochure for patients to explain your findings.

    Expand Your Knowledge

    1. How might statistics regarding unplanned pregnancies relate to the recommendation that all women should regularly take a multivitamin with folic acid? Use your knowledge of the impact of folate to explain your response.
    2. Write a short speech that you would give to local government officials to recommend ways that they can promote and support the practice of breastfeeding in your community. Or prepare an email or letter to explain to a friend or family member why you have made the choice to breastfeed your child or to support your partner in the practice of breastfeeding.
    3. Visit http://www.healthychildren.org and research ways to introduce solid foods into an infant’s diet. Then create an eating plan to help parents gradually introduce solids to their babies, beginning at the age of six months.
    4. Write a short speech that you would give to a group of school children between ages nine and thirteen. Explain to them how their sugar intake impacts their bodies and overall well-being.
    5. Consider the changing needs of an older adolescent, along with a teen’s access to food and desire to make dietary choices. Then create a three-day meal plan for a teenage boy or girl.
    6. After watching the video, hold a small group discussion to discuss the influence of environment, economics, culture, and lifestyle on dietary choices.

      The Obesity Epidemic