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Medicine LibreTexts

12.11: Normal Urine

  • Page ID
    2792
  • [ "article:topic", "authorname:lawsonr", "license:ccbysa" ]

    Normal urine consists of water (95%), urea, salts (mostly sodium chloride) and pigments (mostly from bile) that give it its characteristic colour.

    Contributors

    • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)