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Medicine LibreTexts

12.18: Test Yourself

  • Page ID
    2799
  • [ "article:topic", "authorname:lawsonr", "license:ccbysa" ]

    The Urinary System Test Yourself can then be used to see if you understand this rather complex system.

    1. Add the following labels to the diagram of the excretory system shown below. Bladder | ureter | urethra | kidney | dorsal aorta | vena cava | renal artery | vein

    Anatomy and physiology of animals diagram of urinary system unlabeled.JPG

    2. Using the words/phrases in the list below fill in the blanks in the following statements.

    | cortex | amino acids | renal | glucose | water reabsorption | large proteins |
    | bowman’s capsule | diabetes mellitus | secreted | antidiuretic hormone (ADH) | blood cells |
    | glomerulus | concentration of the urine | medulla | nephron |

    a) Blood enters the kidney via the ......................... artery.

    b) When cut across the kidney is seen to consist of two regions, the outer.............. and the inner..............

    c) Another word for the kidney tubule is the...............................

    d) Filtration of the blood occurs in the..............................

    e) The filtered fluid (filtrate) enters the.............................

    f) The filtrate entering the e) above is similar to blood but does not contain.................. or....................

    g) As the fluid passes along the first coiled part of the kidney tubule.................. and.................... are removed.

    h) The main function of the loop of Henle is.............................................................

    i) Hydrogen and potassium ions are.............................. into the second coiled part of the tubule.

    j) The main function of the collecting tube is..................................................

    k) The hormone...................................... is responsible for controlling water reabsorption in the collecting tube.

    l) When the pancreas secretes inadequate amounts of the hormone insulin the condition known as............................... results. This is most easily diagnosed by testing for................................ in the urine.

    Contributors

    • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)