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Medicine LibreTexts

11.01: Objectives

  • After completing this section, you should know:
  • what is meant by the terms: ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation, egestion, peristalsis and chyme
  • the characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of a herbivorous, carnivorous and omnivorous diet
  • the 4 main functions of the gut
  • the parts of the gut in the order in which the food passes down it


  • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)