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Medicine LibreTexts

16.01: Objectives

After completing this section, you should know:

  • The characteristics of endocrine glands and hormones
  • The position of the main endocrine glands in the body
  • The relationship between the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus
  • The main hormones produced by the two parts of the pituitary gland and their effects on the body
  • The main hormones produced by the pineal, thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands, the pancreas, ovary and testicle in regard to their effects on the body
  • What is meant by homeostasis and feedback control
  • The homeostatic mechanisms that allow an animal to control its body temperature, water balance, blood volume and acid/base balance


  • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)