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Medicine LibreTexts

4.01: Objectives

After completing this section, you should know:

  • the “Mrs Gren” characteristics of living organisms
  • what a tissue is
  • four basic types of tissues, their general function and where they are found in the body
  • the basic organisation of the body of vertebrates including the main body cavities and the location of the following major organs: thorax, heart, lungs, thymus, abdomen, liver, stomach, spleen, intestines, kidneys, sperm ducts, ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina, urinary bladder
  • the 11 body systems
  • what homeostasis is
  • directional terms including dorsal, ventral, caudal, cranial, medial, lateral, proximal, distal, rostral, palmar and plantar. Plus transverse and longitudinal sections


  • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)