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Medicine LibreTexts

4.18: Test Yourself

1. Living organisms can be distinguished from non-living matter because they usually move and grow. Name 5 other functions of living organisms:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

2. What tissue types would you find...

a) lining the intestine:
b) covering the body:
c) moving bones:
d) flowing through blood vessels:
e) linking the eye to the brain:
f) lining the bladder:

3. Name the body cavity in which the following organs are found:

a) heart:
b) bladder:
c) stomach:
d) lungs:

4. Name the body system that...

a) includes the bones and joints:
b) includes the ovaries and testes:
c) produces hormones:
d) includes the heart, blood vessels and blood:

5. What is homeostasis?


6. Circle which is correct:

a) The head is cranial | caudal to the neck
b) The heart is medial | lateral to the ribs
c) The elbow is proximal | distal to the fingers
d) The spine is dorsal | ventral to the heart

7. Indicate whether or not these statements are true.

a) The stomach is cranial to the diaphragm - true | false
b) The heart lies in the pelvic cavity - true | false
c) The spleen is roughly the same size as the stomach and lies near it - true | false
d) The small intestine is proximal to the kidneys - true | false
e) The bladder is medial to the hips - true | false
f) The liver is cranial to the heart - true | false

Contributors

Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)