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Medicine LibreTexts

1.8: Digestive System Anatomy

  • Page ID
    36457
  • Learning Objectives

    • Identify digestive system gross anatomical structures.
    • Identify digestive system microscopic structures.

    Gross and Microscopic Anatomy

    Use local resources to view structures of the digestive system.

    Digestive System Structures List

    1. Digestive System- Head and neck
      1. Nasal cavity
        1. Nasal conchae
      2. Hard palate
        1. Soft palate
      3. Nasopharynx
      4. Oral cavity
        1. Tongue
      5. Oropharynx
      6. Laryngopharynx
      7. Epiglottis
    2. Digestive System- Upper abdomen
      1. Esophagus
      2. Stomach
      3. Duodenum of small intestine
      4. Pancreas
      5. Sphincter of oddi
      6. Liver
        1. Falciform ligament
        2. Left lobe
        3. Right lobe
        4. Common hepatic duct
      7. Gallbladder
      8. Common bile duct
      9. Spleen
    3. Digestive System- Opened stomach
      1. Cardia
      2. Fundus
      3. Body
      4. Pyloris
      5. Greater curvature
      6. Lesser curvature
      7. Cardiac sphincter
      8. Pyloric sphincter
      9. Rugae
    4. Digestive System- Lower abdomen
      1. Jejunum
      2. Ileum
      3. Ileocecal valve
      4. Cecum
      5. Appendix
      6. Ascending colon
      7. Transverse colon
      8. Descending colon
      9. Sigmoid colon
      10. Rectum
    5. Supplemental Structures
      1. Caudate lobe of liver
      2. Quadrate lobe of liver
      3. Hepatic portal vein
      4. Hepatic artery

    Attributions for chapter 8:

    Digestive System Structures List by Marissa Sumida / CC BY 4.0

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