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3.1: Post-Cranial Bones

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    11436
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    Locate and identify the features noted below for the post-cranial bones. Pay particular attention to the morphology of the epiphyses as these can be used in distinguishing side in complete and fragmentary remains.

    Humerus

    Head, Neck, Greater and Lesser tubercles, Shaft, Trochlea, Coronoid fossa, Olecranon fossa, Lateral and Medial epicondyles, Capitulum, Intertubercular or Bicipital groove, Deltoid tuberosity, and Surgical neck

    Radius

    Head, Neck, Radial tuberosity, Shaft, Styloid process, Ulnar notch, and Dorsal tubercles

    Ulna

    Olecranon process, Trochlear or Semi-lunar notch, Radial notch, Coronoid process, Shaft, Head, and Styloid process

    Screenshot (62).png

    Humerus. Left anterior and Right posterior.

    Screenshot (67).png

    Ulna. Left anterior, Center lateral, and Right posterior.

    Screenshot (68).png

    Radiu. Left anterior and Right posterior.

    Screenshot (69).png

    Humerus

    Screenshot (70).png

    Left - radius. Right - ulna.

    Femur

    Head, Neck, Greater and Lesser Trochanters, Linea Aspera, Lateral and Medial condyles, Intercondyloid fossa, Shaft, Lateral and Medial epicondyles, and Fovea capitis femoris

    Fibula

    Styloid process, Shaft, Lateral malleolus, and Malleolar fossa

    Patella

    Medial facet (smaller), Lateral facet (larger), Base, and Apex

    Tibia

    Medial and Lateral condyles, Tibial tuberosity, Shaft, Anterior crest, Medial malleolous, Interosseous crest, Popliteal lines, and Intercondyloid tubercles and fossa

    Screenshot (71).png

    Femur. Left anterior and Right posterior.

    Screenshot (72).png

    Patella. Left anterior and Right posterior.

    Screenshot (73).png

    Tibia. Left anterior and Right posterior.

    Screenshot (74).png

    Fibula. Left anterior and Right posterior.


    This page titled 3.1: Post-Cranial Bones is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Roberta Hall, Kenneth Beals, Holm Neumann, Georg Neumann, Gwyn Madden (ScholarWorks: Grand Valley State University) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.