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16.5: XVI Glossary

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    Dry Powder Inhaler (DPI): An inhaler with medication provided in a powder form that is inhaled from the mouth into the lungs using a quick breath to activate the medication and move it into the lungs. An example of a DPI is tiotropium (Spiriva).

    Innunction: A medication that is massaged or rubbed into the skin.

    Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI): An inhaler that provides a mist of medication that is inhaled through the mouth into the lungs. An example of an MDI is albuterol. Optimal administration is achieved with a spacer attached to the inhaler.

    Small-volume nebulizers: Devices that provide a fine mist using oxygen or compressed air to transport the medication from a nebulizer cup into the mouth and into the lungs as the patient breathes normally through a mask or pipe device.

    Topical medications: Medications administered via the skin or mucous membranes for direct local action, as well as for systemic effects.

    Transdermal route: Patches or disks applied to the skin that deliver medication over an extended period of time.

    This page titled 16.5: XVI Glossary is shared under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Ernstmeyer & Christman (Eds.) (OpenRN) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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