Skip to main content
Medicine LibreTexts

4: Body Organization

  • Page ID
    2197
  • Learning Objectives

    After completing this section, you should know:

    • the “Mrs Gren” characteristics of living organisms
    • what a tissue is
    • four basic types of tissues, their general function and where they are found in the body
    • the basic organisation of the body of vertebrates including the main body cavities and the location of the following major organs: thorax, heart, lungs, thymus, abdomen, liver, stomach, spleen, intestines, kidneys, sperm ducts, ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina, urinary bladder
    • the 11 body systems
    • what homeostasis is
    • directional terms including dorsal, ventral, caudal, cranial, medial, lateral, proximal, distal, rostral, palmar and plantar. Plus transverse and longitudinal sections

    In this chapter, the way the cells of the body are organised into different tissues is described. You will find out how these tissues are arranged into organs, and how the organs form systems such as the digestive system and the reproductive system. Also in this chapter, the important concept of homeostasis is defined. You are also introduced to those pesky things -- directional terms.