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It’s Your Turn
- List four functions of carbohydrates in the body.
- List sources of carbohydrate in the diet. Which ones are healthy? Which ones are not healthy?
- Count the carbohydrates you consume in a day by following the steps for carbohydrate counting. Is your intake within the recommended range?
- Determine your daily fiber intake and whether your diet supplies the amount of fiber recommended to promote health and prevent disease. What are the roles of soluble and insoluble fiber?
- List the benefits of a higher carbohydrate diet. What could be concerns?
- Conduct a dietary assessment of the Glycemic Index of foods in three of your dinners. To aid in this process peruse the website, http://www.gilisting.com/. Plan a dinner menu that balances the Glycemic Index of the entire meal.
- Conduct an experiment in the classroom that evaluates the sweetness and taste of sugar substitutes. Try them in pure form by putting a small amount on your finger. Record the results from you and your classmates and make a sweetness and taste comparison chart.
Expand Your Knowledge
- Draw a flow chart that incorporates the concept of negative feedback in the regulation of blood glucose levels.
- Visit the website of the CDC (https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/index.html) and record the estimates of obesity, physical inactivity, and Type 2 diabetes in the county you live in. Make a list of five ways to curb the trends of obesity, physical inactivity, and Type 2 diabetes in your county.