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7.1: Water and Functional Beverages

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    It all starts with water: water is very important in cooking, crafting other Beverages and most importantly survival. This link takes you through the different uses of water and general water needs for different ages/genders. Water can come from a multitude of sources such as springs or wells, this link will provide an in-depth explanation on where the earth's water comes from originally.

    Bottled water is the fastest growing segment of the beverage industry, in part because of increased health consciousness, in part because of a perception that bottled water is safer. Waters are available from all over the globe, from Australia, France, Fiji, Germany, Italy, Wales, and many points between. The list is endless and always growing. All waters imported into the United States are subject to federal regulation.

    Types of Water

    Bottled water is by definition potable water sold for human consumption and it is subject to FDA regulations. Bottled water comes from a variety of sources such as a municipal water supply, natural spring, or well. Spring water originates from an underground source that flows naturally to the earth's surface. Mineral water can come from a spring, a well, or an artesian bore but by definition must contain not less than 250 parts per million total dissolved solids. This level of trace minerals distinguishes such water and frequently contributes to its unique taste. The following links provide further clarification on the types of water:

    Bottled water is sold as either still or sparkling, but within these two broad definitions are varieties of subgroups. Many brands offer either a still or sparkling version of their water. The "sparkle" is often achieved by the addition of carbon dioxide, which not only gives the beverage its ‘carbonated’ taste but also prevents spoilage.The more carbonation, the more acidic the taste. Bottled waters are best served lightly chilled and without ice, unless it is requested.

    Various types of water

    • fluoridated water - water, either naturally fluoridated or treated with a fluorine-containing compound, intended to promote healthy teeth by preventing tooth decay
    • hard water - water with relatively high calcium and magnesium concentrations
    • mineral water - drinking water that comes from a protected underground water source and contains at least 250 parts per million of total dissolved solids such as calcium
    • natural water - bottled drinking water not derived from a municipal water supply; it can be mineral, spring, well or artesian-well water
    • purified water - bottled water produced by distillation, reverse osmosis, deionization or suitable processes that meet governmental standards
    • seltzer water - a flavorless natural mineral water with carbonation, originally from the German town of Niederselters (further explained in the carbonation section)
    • soda water - a flavorless water with induced carbonation, consumed plain or used as a mixer for alcoholic drinks or soda fountain confections; also known as club soda and seltzer (further explained in the carbonation section)
    • soft water - water with a relatively high sodium concentration
    • spring water - water obtained from an underground source that flows naturally to the earth's surface
    • Distilled water - Click here to learn more about distilled water.
    • Deionized water - Click here to learn more about distilled water. 

    Purification and Contaminants in water:

    There are many contaminants that could enter a water system. This link will discuss the different types and how they enter our water supply, and this link will show you how these impurities are removed to make water potable.

    Functional Beverages

    This link will provide some insight into functional beverages including what they are, examples and health implications.



    7.1: Water and Functional Beverages is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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