Skip to main content
Medicine LibreTexts

Chapter 13: Reproductive Systems

  • Page ID
    83936
    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    Learning Objectives
    • Name the five reproductive system functions that are necessary for reproduction.
    • Describe the importance of sexual activity beyond its contributions to reproduction.
    • Explain that the hormones produced in connection with reproductive systems have other important roles and describe three of these roles for testosterone and for estrogen.
    • Describe the overall age changes and age-related changes in male reproductive functioning and describe the effects from these changes.
    • Name specific factors other than reproductive system aging that have significant effects on male and female sexual responses.
    • Name and describe effects of aging on the five phases of male sexual response (p. 273), and describe the overall effects on sexual response from these individual effects.
    • Define menopause and explain its significance with respect to the reproductive capabilities of women.
    • Explain why menstrual cycles seem to become irregular and lengthen and as menopause approaches.
    • Describe the overall effects of menopause on female reproductive structures and explain the reason for these effects.
    • Describe the overall effects of menopause and estrogen replacement therapy on the vagina, external genitalia, and breasts and describe consequences from these effects.
    • Name and describe effects of aging on the four phases of female sexual response (p. 283), and describe the overall effects on sexual response from these individual effects.
    • Describe age-related trends in sexual activity, discuss reasons for these trends including specific examples, and name ways of reducing these trends.
    • Describe benign prostatic hypertrophy including what it is, its effects, and ways to minimize its effects.
    • Describe impotence including what it is, contributing factors, its effects, and ways to prevent or minimize this condition.
    • Describe prostate cancer including what it is, its effects, and ways to prevent or minimize this condition.
    • Describe breast cancer including what it is, its effects, and ways to prevent or minimize this condition.
    • Describe endometrial cancer including what it is, its effects, and ways to prevent or minimize this condition.
    • Describe ovarian cancer including what it is, its effects, and ways to prevent or minimize this condition.
    • Describe cervical cancer including what it is, its effects, and ways to prevent or minimize this condition.
    • Describe uterine fibroids including what they are, effects, and ways to prevent or minimize this condition.
    • Compare sexually transmitted diseases among young adults and older adults.


    This page titled Chapter 13: Reproductive Systems is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Augustine G. DiGiovanna via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

    • Was this article helpful?