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8.3: Vitamins and Minerals Functional Categories

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    There are two common ways to teach about vitamins and minerals in nutrition classes. The traditional way is to start with fat-soluble vitamins and go down through the vitamins alphabetically (i.e. vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K). However, this method leads students to learn about vitamins and minerals more individually instead of how they work together. For instance, it makes sense to cover calcium with vitamin D, and iron with copper and zinc. You are going to learn about vitamins and minerals based on their function rather than covering them by whether they are a water-soluble vitamin or trace mineral. The hope is that you will gain a more integrative understanding of vitamins and minerals from this approach.

    Here are the different functional categories that you are going to learn about. Notice that some micronutrients fit into more than one functional category. Each vitamin and mineral is presented in one section, with some mention of its overlap in other section(s) in certain cases.

    Antioxidants Macronutrient Metabolism 1-Carbon Metabolism Blood Bones & Teeth Electrolytes
    Vitamin E Thiamin Folate Vitamin K Vitamin D Sodium
    Vitamin C Riboflavin Vitamin \(\ce{B12}\) Iron Calcium Potassium
    Selenium Niacin Vitamin \(\ce{B6}\) Vitamin \(\ce{B6}\) Vitamin K Chloride
    Iron Pantothenic Acid   Folate Phosphorus Phosphorus
    Copper Vitamin \(\ce{B6}\)   Vitamin \(\ce{B12}\) Magnesium Magnesium
    Zinc Biotin   Copper Fluoride  
    Manganese Vitamin \(\ce{B12}\)   Calcium Vitamin A  
    Riboflavin Vitamin C     Iron  
      Iodine     Copper  
      Manganese     Zinc  
    ADAPT \(\PageIndex{1}\)

    This page titled 8.3: Vitamins and Minerals Functional Categories is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Brian Lindshield via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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