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13.3: Common Laboratory Values for Adults

  • Page ID
    21581
  • Test

    Abbreviation

    Reference Range

    Indicates

    Alanine Amino Transferase

    ALT

    4-40 U/L Males

    4-31 U/L Females

    w/ Hepatitis, jaundice, cirrhosis, hepatic cancer, severe burns, trauma, mononucleosis, pancreatitis,

    Albumin

    Alb

    3.5 – 5.0 g/dl

    w/ dehydration

    w/ malnutrition, surgery, edema, diarrhea, burns, stress, over-hydration, cancer, hepatic disease

    Alkaline Phosphatase

    alk phos, ALP

    40 – 120 U/L

    w/ hepatic disease

    Ammonia

    NH3

    <50 mcg/dl

    w/ hepatic disease, heart failure, pulmonary emphysema, high protein diet, vigorous exercise

    Amylase

    35 – 115 U/L

    w/ acute pancreatitis, perforated peptic ulcer, renal insufficiency

    w/ hepatitis, cirrhosis, pancreatic insufficiency

    Aspartate Amino Transferase

    AST

    10-37 U/L Males

    10-31 U/L Females

    w/ cell injury/death (MI, acute cirrhosis, hepatitis, pancreatitis, cancer, alcoholism, burns, trauma)

    w/ uncontrolled DM, beriberi

    Blood Urea Nitrogen

    BUN

    8-20 mg/dl

    w/ renal failure, shock, dehydration, infection

    w/ hepatic failure, malnutrition, over hydration

    Calcium

    Ca++

    8.9 - 10.1 mg/dl

    w/ cancer, hyperthyroidism, adrenal insufficiency

    w/ hypoalbuminemia, elevated phosphorus, alkalosis, diarrhea, starvation

    Chloride

    Cl

    97-107mEq/L

    w/dehydration, eclampsia, anemia, hyperventilation

    w/ diabetic acidosis, fever, acute infection

    C-Reactive Protein

    CRP

    .08-3.1 mg/L

    w/ acute and chronic inflammation

    Cholesterol

    HDL

    LDL

    Chol

    120-199mg/dl

    40 - 60 mg/dl

    <100 mg/dl

    Creatinine

    crea

    0.4 – 1.2 mg/dl

    w/ acute & chronic renal disease, muscle damage, hyperthyroidism

    w/ pregnancy

    Creatinine Phosphokinase

    CPK, CK

    40-175 U/L Males

    25-140 U/L Females

    w/ MI, acute CVA, hypothyroidism, vigorous exercise

    Ferritin

    20-300 ng/ml Males

    20 –120 ng/ml Females

    w/ inflammatory diseases, chronic renal disease, iron overload, hemochromatosis

    w/ iron deficiency anemia

    Folic Acid

    Folate, Fol

    2 – 10 ng/ml

    w/ megaloblastic & hemolytic anemias, malnutrition, malabsorption, hyperthyroidism, Vit C deficiency

    Glucose

    Gluc, FBS

    70-100 mg/dl

    w/ DM, hyperthyroidism

    w/ insulin overdose, hypothyroidism

    Glycated Hemoglobin

    HbA1c

    <6%

    w/ poorly controlled DM

    w/ sickle-cell anemia and malnutrition

    Hematocrit

    HCT

    40-54% Males

    36-47% Females

    w/ dehydration

    w/ anemia, blood loss, over hydration

    Hemoglobin

    Hb

    13.5 – 18 gm/dl Males

    12-16 gm/dl Females

    w/ severe burns, CHF, COPD, dehydration

    w/ anemia, hyperthyroidism, cirrhosis, HIV

    Lactic Dehydrogenase

    LDH, LD

    105 – 230 U/L

    w/ MI, leukemia, megaloblastic or hemolytic anemia, pulmonary infarction, cancer, renal failure, mononucleosis

    Lipase

    16-63 U/L

    w/ acute pancreatitis, renal insufficiency

    w/ viral hepatitis, protein malnutrition 10

    Lymphocyte

    15-43% or 800 – 3100 /microliter

    w/ bacterial infection, hemorrhage, trauma, cancer

    w/ viral infections, chemotherapy, HIV

    Magnesium

    Mg

    1.3 – 2.1 mEq/L

    w/ renal failure, diabetic acidosis, hypothyroidism, dehydration

    w/ chronic diarrhea, alcoholism, pancreatitis, renal disease, hyperthyroidism, ulcerative colitis,

    Phosphorus

    P

    2.3 – 4.3 mg/dl

    w/ ESRD, hypocalcemia,

    w/ hyperparathyroidism, alcoholism, rickets, gout

    Potassium

    K+

    3.8-5.5 mEq/L

    w/ renal failure, tissue damage, uncontrolled DM,

    w/ GI loss, alcohol abuse, malnutrition, diarrhea, vomiting, diuretic use

    Prealbumin

    Prealb

    19-43 mg/dl

    w/ renal failure

    w/ acute catabolic states, hepatic disease, stress, infection, surgery, malnutrition, low protein intake

    Red Blood Cell Count

    RBC

    4.7 – 6.1 million/mm Male

    3.9 – 5.5 Female

    w/ dehydration, severe diarrhea

    w/ anemia, hemorrhage, Fe deficiency, systemic disease

    Retinol-Binding Protein

    RBP

    2.1-6.4 mg/dl

    w/ liver disease, malnutrition

    Sodium

    Na++

    135-145 mEq/L

    w/ dehydration

    w/ edema, severe burns, severe diarrhea/vomiting, diuretics, water intoxication

    Tissue Transglutaminase

    tTG

    <4.0 U/mL

    w/ celiac disease

    Total Protein

    TP

    6.0- 8.0 gm/dl

    w/ dehydration, diseases that globulin

    w/ protein deficiency, severe hepatic disease, malabsorption, diarrhea, nephritic syndrome

    Triglycerides

    TG

    <150 mg/dl – desirable

    w/ hyperlipidemia, hepatic disease, pancreatitis, poorly controlled DM, hypothyroidism, MI, alcoholism

    w/ malnutrition, hyperthyroidism,

    Uric Acid

    3.7 – 7.8 mg/dl Male

    2.5 – 6.1 mg/dl Female

    w/ renal failure, gout, anorexia, leukemia, acute infectious disease, shock, diabetic ketosis, stress

    w/ antigout drugs, cancer

    Vitamin A

    20-100 ug/dl

    w/ liver disease, pancreatic insufficiency

    Vitamin B12

    110-800 pg/ml

    w/ terminal ileal disease, gastric disease, pernicious anemia, excess folate intake, in elderly individuals

    Vitamin D

    30-100 ng/dl

    w/ liver disease, parathyroid disease, pancreatic insufficiency, small bowel disease, individuals with dark skin, elderly individuals, esp. nursing home patients

    Vitamin E

    5.5-18 ug/dl

    w/ liver disease, pancreatic insufficiency

    White Blood Cells

    WBC

    4000-10,900/ml

    w/ leukemia, bacterial infection, hemorrhage, cancer

    w/ viral infection, chemotherapy, radiation, HIV

    Zinc

    Zn

    50-291 mcg/dL Male

    65-256 mcg/dL Female

    w/ CHD, arteriosclerosis

    w/ malnutrition, severe diarrhea, dialysis, IBD, nephritic syndrome, trauma