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Directional Terms 1 (Worksheet)

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    Name: ______________________________

    Section: _____________________________

    Student ID#:__________________________

    Work in groups on these problems. You should try to answer the questions without referring to your textbook. If you get stuck, try asking another group for help.

    Insert the missing directional terms in the blanks in the statements below the diagram.


    1. The head is .............. to the tail
    2. The spinal cord is the vertebral column.
    3. The thumb is the elbow.
    4. The humerus the ulna.
    5. The lungs are the heart.
    6. The dorsal aorta the vertebral column.
    7. The lumbar vertebrae the thoracic vertebrae.
    8. The scapula is............... to the clavicle.
    9. The bladder the small intestine.
    10. The oesophagus the trachea.
    11. The tibia the fibula
    12. The patella the knee joint.
    13. The pelvic girdle is the vagina.
    14. The intestines the liver.
    15. The nasal cavity the mouth
    16. The heart the elbow.
    17. The heart the stomach
    18. The atlas vertebra the axis vertebra
    19. The fibula the femur
    20. The radius is the phalanges


    Dorsal = Nearer to the back than

    Ventral = Nearer to the belly than

    Caudal = Nearer to the tail than (use inferior only for humans)

    Cranial = nearer to the head than (use superior only for humans)

    Medial = nearer to the mid point than

    Lateral = nearer to the outside than

    Distal = further away from the body than-use only for structures on limbs

    Proximal = nearer to the body than –use only for structures on limbs

    Rostral = nearer to the nose than

    Contributors and Attributions

    • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)

    This page titled Directional Terms 1 (Worksheet) is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Ruth Lawson via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.