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Chapter 12: Urinary System

  • Page ID
    83935
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    Learning Objectives
    • Name the seven main functions of the urinary system and explain how each function is important.
    • Name and briefly describe the three functions of nephrons and explain the importance of modifying these functions.
    • Describe the overall age changes in kidney structure and functioning and explain the effects and consequences of these changes on urinary system functioning.
    • Explain why the incidence and severity of excursions beyond the kidneys' capabilities increase with age.
    • Name four specific factors that increase demands on kidney functioning.
    • Name four specific effects when the kidneys are not able to maintain homeostasis.
    • Name three strategies that help balance kidney functioning with body needs.
    • Describe the functions and age changes in the ureters.
    • Describe the functioning of the urinary bladder and describe age changes in the bladder and the effects from these age changes.
    • Describe the functioning of the urethra and describe age changes in the urethra and the effects from these age changes.
    • Indicate that urinary incontinence is an abnormal condition.
    • Explain why the incidence and severity of urinary incontinence increases with age.
    • List and describe five types of urinary incontinence.
    • Name four specific factors that increase the incidence of urinary incontinence.
    • Describe biological and non-biological consequences from urinary incontinence.
    • Describe the general strategy for treating urinary incontinence.


    This page titled Chapter 12: Urinary System is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Augustine G. DiGiovanna via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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