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Medicine LibreTexts

16: Endocrine System

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  • In order to survive, animals must constantly adapt to changes in the environment. The nervous and endocrine systems both work together to bring about this adaptation. In general the nervous system responds rapidly to short-term changes by sending electrical impulses along nerves and the endocrine system brings about longer-term adaptations by sending out chemical messengers called hormones into the blood stream.

    Thumbnail: Thyroid gland. Image used with permission (Public Domain; LadyofHats).


    • Ruth Lawson (Otago Polytechnic; Dunedin, New Zealand)