By the end of this chapter, you will be able to:
- Describe the different types of simple and complex carbohydrates
- Describe the process of carbohydrate digestion and absorption
- Describe the functions of carbohydrates in the body
- Describe the body’s carbohydrate needs and how personal choices can lead to health benefits or consequences
- 4.5: Looking Closely at Diabetes
- Diabetes is a disease of insulin deficiency and glucose oversufficiency. Like other diseases, genetics, nutrition, environment, and lifestyle are all involved in determining a person’s risk for developing diabetes. Type 1 diabetes was once a death sentence, but now can be treated with insulin injections. The incidence of Type 2 diabetes has more than doubled in America in the past thirty years and the rise is partly attributed to the increase in obesity.
- 4.7: The Food Industry- Functional Attributes of Carbohydrates and the Use of Sugar Substitutes
- In the food industry both fast-releasing and slow-releasing carbohydrates are utilized to give foods a wide spectrum of functional attributes. The differences in chemical structure between the different carbohydrates confer their many different functional uses in foods. Due to the health consequences of consuming too many added sugars, sugar substitutes are widely used in many foods and beverages.